Most of the farmers love to grow carrots because of the low-maintenance efforts. However, you need to pay some attention one week after sowing the seeds. If the soil in your garden is not rich in nutrients, you may need to fertilize your carrots. Carrots need some specific soil conditions in order to be healthy and tasteful. Therefore, before sowing the seeds and also after the seed germination, you need to check the soil to see if it is proper for the healthy growth of the plant. A light sandy soil with lots of potassium and some amount of nitrogen, phosphorus and other micronutrients works best of carrots.
Choose a fertilizer that has little nitrogen and more potassium and phosphate. Nitrogen encourages a plant to produce more foliage. Phosphate and potassium encourages more root development. Because carrots are a root vegetable that grow below the surface of the soil, phosphate and potassium are more beneficial to carrot growth. Too much fertilizer will result in less flavorful carrots with forked and hairy roots. Once you have applied the granular fertilizer, water it in well. Do basic fertilization with a mixture of compost and manure with a dose of 15-20 tons per hectare, then do next fertilization after the plants are one month old by sprinkling compost around the plants about 10-15kg per hectare.
Beside fertilization, plant pest controlling is also important step when growing carrots. In this process are often found: wireworm, flies (maggot), and aphids. While diseases that are often found in corn plants are root-knot nematodes and Alternaria leaf blight. Farmers need to control pests and plant diseases, by spraying and eradicating carrots plants that have been infected with the disease.
|Wireworm||spray furadan or indofuradan type of insecticide before and after planting time|
|Flies||watering the plant with 120 g of polydol mixed with 100 liters of water|
|Aphids||thinning crops and land sanitation|
|Root-knot nematodes||Using nemasitide such as 10g rigby or rochap|
|Alternaria leaf blight||seed disinfection using a fungicide solution (1/ml copper chloride content for 5 minutes)|